National Security

President Buhari justifies herdsmen terrorism; cites climate change, population pressure

By Editor

Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari has again justified the incessant terror attacks on the country’s indigenous communities by suspected ethnic militiamen believed to be acting on behalf of nomadic herders, citing population pressure, escalating aridity of northern states, and climate change.

A woman wailing over the killings in Dogon Na Hauwa village in Jos. Photo credit: The Guardian

The President made this allusion in a statement issued on his behalf by his Senior Special Assistant on Media and Publicity, Mallam Garba Shehu, in which he pleaded with attacked communities (the victims) to give peace a chance as if they invited the terror upon themselves.

Under Section 1(3)(c) of Nigeria’s TERRORISM Prevention Act 2011 (as amended), any act “done with malice, aforethought and which leads to “serious bodily harm or death” or “kidnapping of a person” is an “ACT OF TERRORISM”.

Consequently, the audacious attacks on indigenous farming communities by militiamen, done with malice over access to land, aforethought and which has led to countless number of deaths across Nigeria are, no doubt, acts of terrorism. But, President Buhari disagrees and refuse to declare them as such.

Rather, he said: “The Presidency wishes to assure all citizens that as a government, the administration is on top of events and is moving ahead with force to crush the perpetrators of the recent incidents of unrest in Plateau State.

“But to achieve success, our communities must unite against these horrific attacks. Retributive violence is not the answer.

“While these troubled communities are being reinforced with security personnel, our religious, traditional and other community leaders must not allow the use of their spaces for the propagation of violence and incitement to violence.

“Attempts to simplify the reasons into a basic narrative may help raise donor-dollars for international NGOs, fill pages of overseas newspapers, and burnish foreign politicians’ faith credentials; but this does not increase understanding, nor offer solutions. If anything, simplistic theorizing and finger-pointing make the situation worse.

“It is important both for Nigerians and the international community to appreciate that there are a multitude of factors attendant to these troubles.

“There is the Boko Haram and ISWAP terrorism, as well as the spate of kidnappings for ransom, transformed by some misinformed global media into a Muslim-on-Christian threat. Yet, in reality, there are no religious connotations at all when the primary purpose of these acts is to extract money.

“Then the herder-farmer clashes. While international voices and some Nigerian politicians who seek personal gain from division declare this a matter of religion, for those involved, it is almost entirely a matter of access to water and land. Herders have moved their cattle into contact with farmers for millennia. But, increasingly, due to population pressure, escalating aridity of northern states, and climate change, they are forced to travel further south to find grazing lands.

“Then, further afield in the South-east, IPOB are not struggling for freedom when they attack police stations and property, but rather committing acts of terrorism in order to steal money. IPOB is not defending Christians – as their highly-paid foreign lobbyists claim – when almost every citizen of those states they terrorize is uniformly Christian. Yet mistakenly, and because the lobbyists for IPOB have duped them, some misguided foreign media and politicians believe so.

“As for Nigerians, what we need is to come together. And we must do this firstly and for the most part by our own hands, by casting asunder those who seek to divide us for their own nefarious financial and political gain.”