National Security

Beyond SARS, SWAT: Why Nigeria must decentralize policing, Ekweremadu explains

By Editor

Massive turnout at #EndSARS protest in Port Harcourt on Tuesday, October 13, 2020.

Former Deputy President of the Senate, Ike Ekweremadu, Wednesday lamented that Nigeria is the only federal state with a unitary police and explained why it must be decentralized.

In a statement on Wednesday, Ekweremadu declared that this pattern of policing has never worked anywhere; it is not working in the country and will never work.

According to Ekweremadu, “the ongoing street protests over the excesses of elements in the Nigeria Police did not come to me as a surprise. As a matter of fact, I had always known, and warned severally that a day would come when Nigerians would no longer tolerate the worsening insecurity in the land and the excesses of those charged with protecting lives and property.”

“The problem with our policing and the attendant insecurity and excesses are engraved in Section 214 (1) of the 1999 constitution, which provides: “There shall be a police force for Nigeria, which shall be known as the Nigeria Police Force, and subject to the provisions of this section, no other police force shall be established for the Federation or any part thereof”.

“It is also worsened by Section 215 (2), which goes further to declare: “The Nigeria Police Force shall be under the command of the Inspector-General of Police and contingents of the Nigeria Police Force stationed in a state shall, subject to the authority of the Inspector-General of Police, be under the command of the Commissioner of Police of that state”.

“This informed my Bill for the Creation of State Police with adequate provisions in the mode of financing, control, and appointments of the high commands of such state police services to insulate them from any forms of abuse and give citizens roles in the various State Police Service Commissions. Unfortunately, this has not received the requisite political support, I call on the President and political stakeholders, once more, to seize the opportunity of the widespread demands for police reforms by Nigerians to do the right thing, addressing the structural challenges.

“Nigeria is the only federal state with a unitary police. It has never worked anywhere. It is not working here and it will never work.

“Therefore, whether we call it SARS or SWAT, we will only be addressing the symptoms instead of the diseases until we decetralise policing to allow citizens and the states take charge of the security of lives and properties of its people. This is the more reassuring way of addressing the mounting challenges of corruption, excesses, indiscipline, abuse, inadequate and poorly-motivated manpower as well as lack of equipment and security infrastructure currently bedevilling policing in Nigeria.

“Meanwhile, a major lesson from the ENDSARS protests is that Nigerians can always engender the changes they desire if they act as one,” Ekweremadu explained.

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